By Thomas H. Holloway
The Companion to Latin American History collects the paintings of prime specialists within the box to create a single-source review of the various background and present developments within the research of Latin America.
- Presents a cutting-edge evaluation of the background of Latin America
- Written by means of the head foreign specialists within the field
- 28 chapters come jointly as a superlative unmarried resource of knowledge for students and students
- Recognizes the breadth and variety of Latin American historical past through offering systematic chronological and geographical coverage
- Covers either old developments and new parts of interest
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Extra resources for A Companion to Latin American History
Although the Mesoamerican population was reduced by as much as 90 percent in the sixteenth century, a demographic recovery began in the seventeenth century and has continued to this day. In 2000, Mesoamerican people made up roughly 10 percent of the Mexican population as a whole, and 40 percent of the Guatemalan population. However, these numbers, which are based on either self-identiﬁcation, ability to speak an indigenous language, or some sort of easily recognized symbol, fail to take into account what Guillermo Bonﬁl Batalla (1996) called “México profundo,” the idea that Mesoamerican values, beliefs, and practices permeate the lives of people who do not overtly identify as indigenous.
The idea that Paleoindians relied primarily on large mammals such as the mammoth is falling out of favor. It is likely that early Americans had a varied diet that relied primarily on small animals and gathered plant material. In the Archaic Period, from roughly 10,000 to 4,000 years ago, Mesoamerican people created new storage and food-processing technologies, including the mano (pestle) and metate (grinding stone), and began to cultivate a suite of plants that became the basic elements of the Mesoamerican diet: corn, beans, squash, tomatoes, 30 john monaghan & andrew r.
Some estimate that Latin America as a whole did not regain its preconquest population until well into the twentieth century. It is no coincidence that a number of Mesoamerican intellectual and artistic practices, such as Mesoamerican writing, disappear at this time. The biological conquest of Mesoamerica did not end with infectious diseases. The conquest also altered the environment in dramatic ways. The Spanish introduced a number of aggressive plants that took over large areas: some were weeds; others were grasses.
A Companion to Latin American History by Thomas H. Holloway