By Guillermo Lora
This e-book is an abridgement and translation of Guillermo Lora's five-volume historical past. It offers with the strengthening and radicalisation of Bolivia's organised labour move, which culminated within the drastic progressive alterations of the Fifties. the 1st part deals a reinterpretation of Bolivian heritage within the century previous the revolution, seen from the point of view of the operating classification. the second one part discusses in additional element the most important political occasions and doctrinal problems with a interval within which the writer, as secretary of the Trotskyist Partido Obrero Revolucionario, himself usually performed an lively half. regardless of the unconventional upheaval that happened within the fifties and the mobilisation of wide sectors of the inhabitants round such radical targets as direct estate seizures, union-nominated ministers and union, army and employee keep an eye on, the labour move used to be not able to take care of its conquests within the Sixties. The concluding chapters describe the interval of renewed army repression and the continued efforts of the labour stream to withstand.
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Additional resources for A History of the Bolivian Labour Movement 1848–1971
On the other hand their art and skill improved until they reached perfection. During their period of study and apprenticeship they came to know their branch of production thoroughly and often succeeded in become true artists in their trade. But the regulations of the guilds contributed to the stagnation of production, were an impediment to the development of their tools and placed a great deal of emphasis on the manual skill of the artisan. The regulations of the carpenters' and tailors' guilds, which were 20 Protection versus free trade approved in 1854, fit perfectly into the medieval conception of the corporative organisation of work.
By 1855 the number of pupils in the two trade schools had reached 135, by no means a negligible figure for the time. 26 Protection versus free trade The government of Belzu Alberto Gutierrez was the first historian who was perceptive enough to realise that the coming to power of Manuel Isidoro Belzu signified the beginning of a new era in the life of the nation; for previous historians it was nothing more than another barracks revolt. '7 This new era in Bolivian politics was marked by the decisive and violent eruption of the artisan and peasant masses on to the political scene in such a way that they made a considerable impression on the nature of the popular government.
9 Belzu was sure that he had made a decisive contribution to the unleashing of a profound revolution which 'has been achieved in our country under the influence of civilisation'. The political mobilisation of the masses had stirred up, as Belzu was aware, 'the fears and prejudices of certain classes who still try to claim for themselves the title of the privileged'. On the other hand, the poor felt greatly encouraged and had become 'men of faith and courage'. ' Belzu angrily attacked the 'anti-social' idea that the 'lower orders' (as he called the artisans and peasants) were incapable of being educated, becoming civilised and taking an active part in public affairs: 'Educate them, instruct them, improve their condition, let them participate in your rights, in keeping with the spirit of the times.
A History of the Bolivian Labour Movement 1848–1971 by Guillermo Lora