By Katsura Aoyama
During this monograph Katsura Aoyama provides a chain of psycholinguistic investigations on consonantal differences in Finnish and jap. the writer deftly describes variations in grownup construction, conception, and baby acquisition of those differences. this can be a big paintings for these drawn to contemporary advancements in theoretical and psycholinguistics.
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Extra info for A Psycholinguistic Perspective on Finnish and Japanese Prosody: Perception, Production and Child Acquisition of Consonantal Quantity Distinctions
It must be noted, however, that this survey is based on small sets of data, and it has its limitations in many ways. First of all, positions of each contrast in a syllable were not taken into consideration. Although both languages only allow geminate consonants to occur in word medial position, it would be useful to look at positions in syllables that long vowels occur, especially for combinations of vowels and consonants. Second, the data were divided at phrase boundary level, and analysis in relation to their 30 morphology was not carried out.
Table 14. 4 Richardson (1998) conducted two similar experiments for perception of the quantity contrast ItI vs. Itt/; one with incrementally different stimuli prepared from a singleton (/t/) by adding silence, the other with incrementally different stimuli prepared from a geminate (ltt/) by reducing the duration of the medial consonant. In this present experiment, however, stimuli were prepared only by deleting the nasal portion from a geminate Inn/. This is because making stimuli by increasing the proportion of the nasal is not as easy as adding silence in the middle of ItI and the artificial stimuli might sound unnatural.
The two peaks were both less sharp and closer to each other compared to those in Finnish. The peak of [anna] was about the same for the Finnish; 17 tokens of [anna] had about 50-54% of the nasal proportion. Eighteen tokens of [ana] had about 35-39% of nasal proportion, while in the Finnish data, only one token had such a large nasal proportion in [ana]. This suggests that, in Japanese, the proportion of the nasal in each word is not as clear a cue for the quantity distinction as in Finnish. Table 9.
A Psycholinguistic Perspective on Finnish and Japanese Prosody: Perception, Production and Child Acquisition of Consonantal Quantity Distinctions by Katsura Aoyama