After Apollo?: Richard Nixon and the American Space Program - download pdf or read online

By John M. Logsdon

ISBN-10: 1137438525

ISBN-13: 9781137438522

On July 20, 1969, Neil Armstrong took 'one small step for a guy, one enormous jump for mankind.' The good fortune of the Apollo eleven undertaking chuffed the aim that have been set via President John F. Kennedy simply over 8 years previous. It additionally raised the query 'What do you do subsequent, after touchdown at the Moon?' It fell to President Richard M. Nixon to respond to this question. After Apollo? Richard Nixon and the yankee area application strains intimately how Nixon and his affiliates went approximately constructing their reaction.

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21 The good relations created by Borman on his trip had an immediate payoff. On July 13, three days before the Apollo launch, the Soviet Union launched the Luna-15 robotic probe, with the intent of first orbiting, then landing on, the Moon, scooping up some lunar soil, and bringing it back to Earth. There was some concern that the trajectory of the Soviet mission might intersect with Apollo 11 while both were in lunar orbit, resulting in a collision. At NASA’s request, Borman used the White House–Kremlin “hot line” to send a message to Keldysh requesting the orbital parameters of the Soviet probe.

With spiraling costs of the Vietnam War and of his Great Society programs as well as with widespread domestic unrest, he was unwilling to approve a NASA budget at a level that could support major new space initiatives. NASA itself was a badly divided organization, with its Office of Manned Space Flight and its human space flight centers in Houston, Texas and Huntsville, Alabama planning their own course for the future, while its Office of Space Science and Applications worked with the external scientific community to define a different preferred future, one which would redress the perceived imbalance between human and robotic space missions.

In the excitement of the moment, Armstrong did not fully articulate the “a” in his statement, although some later acoustic analyses suggested that he had indeed included the article in what he said. In retrospect, Armstrong himself was typically enigmatic, saying to his biographer “I would hope that history would grant me leeway for dropping the syllable and understand that it was certainly intended, even if it wasn’t said— and it actually might have been. m. President Richard Nixon talks to Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin on the surface of the Moon, July 20, 1969.

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After Apollo?: Richard Nixon and the American Space Program by John M. Logsdon

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