By Andrew Barss
Anaphora: A Reference Guide is a set of essays that file at the significant result of contemporary examine in anaphora and set the level for additional inquiry.
- Reports at the significant result of fresh study in anaphora and units the degree for additional inquiry.
- Features contributions from one of the world's best researchers on anaphora.
- Presents an exhilarating photo of the way wide the phenomenon of anaphora is and the way it may well show many mysterious homes of language.
- Includes articles of curiosity to many disciplines, together with philosophy of language, philosophy of brain, cognitive technological know-how, linguistics, language reviews, cognitive psychology, and psycholinguistics.
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Extra resources for Anaphora: A Reference Guide
Reconstruction effects of “pronominal”-binding (and “anaphor”binding) (17a) is discussed in Saito (1985, 1992), for example. Schematically, it concerns whether an anaphoric relation can be established between Johni and hei in the conﬁguration (18): (18) . . [ . . Johni . . ]j . . [hei [ . . tj . . ]] . . Saito (1992) seemingly assumes that the contrast between (19a) and (19b) indicates that the availability of the anaphoric relation in (18) is related to the A/A′ distinction: (19) a. [Which picture of Johni]j did hei like tj (van Riemsdijk and Williams 1981:201 (86a), cf.
Reconstruction effects with a smallNP: a. [Which evaluation of him]1 did every linguist insist that John had demanded t1? b. [A special evaluation of him]1, every linguist insisted that John had demanded t1. No reconstruction effects with a largeNP: a. * [Which evaluation of that linguist]1 did every linguist insist that John had demanded t1? b. * [A special evaluation of that linguist]1, every linguist insisted that John had demanded t1. Although the unmarked dependent form in English is a pronoun, it is not impossible to have a bound reading using a demonstrative NP, as pointed out in Evans (1977:491).
Eci . . V bound variable anaphora available b. QP2-ACC/DAT QP1-NOM V the reading QP2 > QP1 available In the terms of the Essential Analysis, the observations in (55) are accounted for by assuming that these are instances of the Deep OS-type. Some instances of the OS-type construction, however, pattern as in (56), contrary to the widely held assumption just noted: (56) a. *QPi-ACC/DAT . . [NP . . NP . . ]-NOM . . ti . . V bound variable anaphora unavailable b. QP2-ACC/DAT QP1-NOM V the reading QP2 > QP1 unavailable It follows that such an OS-type construction can only be an instance of the Surface OS-type.
Anaphora: A Reference Guide by Andrew Barss