Download e-book for kindle: Anglicisms, Neologisms and Dynamic French by Michael D. Picone

By Michael D. Picone

ISBN-10: 9027231273

ISBN-13: 9789027231277

This entire research of Anglicisms within the context of sped up neological task in modern Metropolitan French not just offers special documentation and outline of a desirable subject, yet opens up new vistas on problems with normal linguistic curiosity: the consequences of expertise on language, the analyticity-syntheticity controversy, the lexical contribution to language energy, the examine of compound note formation, the interaction among cultural and linguistic affectivity. by means of investigating the dynamics of borrowing in the higher framework of common neological productiveness and via bringing to undergo cognitive and pragmatic concerns, a much-needed clean method of the total query of Anglicisms takes form. All pertinent phenomena concerning Anglicisms in French — a subject matter which keeps to command the eye of language commentators and defenders in France and somewhere else — are explored: necessary borrowings, semantic calques, structural calques, the new release of pseudo-Anglicisms and hybrids, graphological and phonological phenomena. In each one case, the phenomenon is investigated within the right context of its interplay with different pertinent neological, phonological and sociocultural advancements. those contain common adjustments in French compound be aware formation, converted derivational dynamics, the microsystem of pseudo-Classical morphology, old phonological instabilities, the strain for extra man made different types of lexical creation relating to the wishes of expertise and society. instead of adhering rigidly to any unmarried theoretical version, there's an try and arrange a conversation among differing types for you to arrive at a multidimensional view of the phenomena investigated.

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Extra info for Anglicisms, Neologisms and Dynamic French

Example text

Thus hovercraft is officially targeted for replacement by aéroglisseur, broadcasting by télédiffusion, heat transfer fluid by fluide caloporteur, etc. (Dictionnaire des termes officiels de la langue française 1994). The obvious irony of replacing Anglicisms with nonnative pseudo-Classical forms beckons Guilbert's complaint (1959:285). Quand on constate le nombre extraordinaire de noms composés de formation grecque dans le langage scientifique, philosophique, in­ dustriel, on peut se demander si les usages anglais sont si mar­ quants.

This is just one part, howbeit an important part, of an overall strategy of lexical ex­ pansion that also continues to draw on Classical sources. Additionally, in 28 ANGLICISMS, NEOLOGISMS AND DYNAMIC FRENCH what constitutes a development of great importance that has received very little attention to date (excepting Barbaud 1971, Picone 1987, 1991b, 1992a and Noailly 1990), the pressure for lexical expansion is of such a strength that it has led to the rediscovery, renewal and transformation of native French models that had gone heretofore underexploited because of the pre­ dominance of the scholarly model of pseudo-Classical word formation.

These outnumber any integral borrowings that are perceived to belong to the juxtapositional category. That perception, of course, is dependent upon the extent to which an integral borrowing is decomposable and transparent in structure to French speakers. Some integral borrowings that have varying de­ grees of transparency follow: babyspot, big boss, blue-jean(s), black power, cold-cream, fair-play, fast-food, First Lady, free-lance, happy end, hi-fi, hotdog, mobile-home, modern style, quick lunch, top secret, white spirit, etc.

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Anglicisms, Neologisms and Dynamic French by Michael D. Picone


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