Applying Comparative Effectiveness Data to Medical Decision by Carl Asche PDF

By Carl Asche

ISBN-10: 3319220640

ISBN-13: 9783319220642

ISBN-10: 3319233297

ISBN-13: 9783319233291

This textbook introduces scholars to the fundamental thoughts and techniques used to degree and examine the anticipated merits, hazards and price of preventive and healing scientific interventions. It offers an simply available assessment of comparative effectiveness and its functional purposes to day-by-day clinical judgements. The booklet contains studying goals for every subject, definitions of key words and subject summaries. every one bankruptcy is written by way of a very popular educational and huge reference is made all through to different resources of literature the place the reader can locate additional details.

The booklet considers, between different themes, facts dependent drugs and the position of comparative effectiveness learn within the improvement of scientific instructions, bias and confounding, caliber of existence, randomized managed trials, analyses of retrospective databases, screening and financial assessment. The ebook is meant to function a “what is it?”, “why will we desire it?” and “how does it or may possibly it impact optimistic swap in wellbeing and fitness care?” instead of only a “how to?” technical assessment. As such, it offers an important source for either less than- and post-graduate scholars in overall healthiness sciences.

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Extra info for Applying Comparative Effectiveness Data to Medical Decision Making: A Practical Guide

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It could serve to guide other researchers to apply this procedure to develop other recommendations. Introduction Scientific information has surged around us along with developments in modern science and technology, especially in computing and the Internet that have dramatically improved the speed of information distribution. 1 million, over 13 times the number in 1950 (Fig. 1). However, a critical question simultaneously appears: how to translate this valuable research into practice in order to reach the ultimate goal of research that contributes to solving humanity’s problems.

Dixon DO, Weiss S, Cahill K et al (2011) Data and safety monitoring policy for National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases clinical trials. Clin Trials 8(6):727–735 16. Pressel S, Davis BR, Louis GT et al (2001) Participant recruitment in the Antihypertensive and Lipid-Lowering Treatment to Prevent Heart Attack Trial (ALLHAT). Control Clin Trials 22(6):674–686 17. Prevention of stroke by antihypertensive drug treatment in older persons with isolated systolic hypertension. Final results of the Systolic Hypertension in the Elderly Program (SHEP).

Data derived from clinical registries have advantages in completeness and accuracy compared to administrative databases. Clinical registries also have limitations. Clinical registries are more burdensome and costly to collect than administrative databases. In addition, they are generally focused on specific conditions or populations. 3 Observational Studies 33 Examples Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) Program The Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) Program is a populationbased cancer registry maintained by the National Cancer Institute, representing 28 % of the US population [20].

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Applying Comparative Effectiveness Data to Medical Decision Making: A Practical Guide by Carl Asche


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