By Margaret Boden (auth.), Terry Dartnall (eds.)
Creativity is without doubt one of the least understood elements of intelligence and is frequently noticeable as `intuitive' and never vulnerable to rational enquiry. lately, even though, there was a resurgence of curiosity within the zone, mostly in synthetic intelligence and cognitive technology, but in addition in psychology, philosophy, laptop technology, good judgment, arithmetic, sociology, and structure and layout. This quantity brings this interact and offers an outline of this swiftly constructing box. It addresses a number of matters. Can desktops be artistic? Can they assist us to appreciate human creativity? How can synthetic intelligence (AI) increase human creativity? How, particularly, can it give a contribution to the `sciences of the artificial', resembling layout? Does the recent wave of AI (connectionism, geneticism and synthetic lifestyles) supply extra promise in those components than classical, symbol-handling AI? What could the results be for AI and cognitive technological know-how if desktops may possibly not be inventive?
those concerns are explored in 5 interrelated elements, each one of that's introducted and defined via a number one determine within the box.
- Prologue (Margaret Boden)
- half I: Foundational concerns (Terry Dartnall)
- half II: Creativity and Cognition (Graeme S. Halford and Robert Levinson)
- half III: Creativity and Connectionism (Chris Thornton)
- half IV: Creativity and layout (John Gero)
- half V: Human Creativity Enhancement (Ernest Edmonds)
- Epilogue (Douglas Hofstadter)
For researchers in AI, cognitive technology, desktop technological know-how, philosophy, psychology, arithmetic, good judgment, sociology, and structure and layout; and somebody attracted to the swiftly growing to be box of man-made intelligence and creativity.
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Extra info for Artificial Intelligence and Creativity: An Interdisciplinary Approach
The second is that coherent mini-sequences are not always sequences. Co-adapted genes (which code for biologically related functions) tend to occur on the same chromosome, but they may be scattered over various points within it. Similarly, potentially related ideas are not always located close to each other in conceptual space. Finally, a single unit may enter more than one group: a gene can be part of different co-adaptive groups, and an idea may be relevant to several kinds of problem. Programs based on genetic algorithms help to explain how plausible combinations of far-distant units can nevertheless happen.
The machine does not have to be 'causally closed' to the environment, but the data received from the outside must be 'processed' by the internal mechanism, so that the machine's behaviour results from a change in the state of the internal mechanism. Now, machine behaviour can be narrowly described and it can be broadly described. A narrow description only refers to the internal workings of the machine, but a broad description depends on external considerations. Describing the behaviour of my watch only in terms of cogs and gears, for instance, is to give a narrow description.
It would also deal a body blow to cognitive science. Cognitive science tries to provide computational models of the mind, that is, computational simulations of human cognitive processes. If creativity is not a computational process, it might still be possible to simulate it computationally, just as it is possible to simulate 29 T. ), Artificial Intelligence and Creativity, 29--42. © 1994 Kluwer Academic Publishers. 30 TERRY DARfNALL hurricanes or digestive processes without the simulation itself being a hurricane or a digestive process.
Artificial Intelligence and Creativity: An Interdisciplinary Approach by Margaret Boden (auth.), Terry Dartnall (eds.)