By M Shifman
This worthwhile choice of memoirs and studies on clinical actions of the main popular theoretical physicists belonging to the Landau institution -- Landau, Migdal, Zeldovich, Smorodinsky, Ter-Martirosyan, Kirzhnits, Gribov, Larkin and Anselm -- are being released in English for the 1st time.
the most objective is to acquaint readers with the existence and paintings of remarkable Soviet physicists who, to a wide volume, formed theoretical physics within the 1950s-70s. Many interesting info have remained unknown past the "Iron Curtain" which was once dismantled in simple terms with the autumn of the USSR.
Readership: scholars and lecturers of physics in excessive faculties and faculties.
By Tsien Tsuen-Hsuin
Half one of many 5th quantity of Joseph Needham's nice firm is written through one of many project's collaborators. Professor Tsien Tsuen-Hsuin, operating in ordinary session with Dr Needham, has written the main complete account of each element of paper and printing in China to be released within the West. From an in depth research of the gigantic mass of resource fabric, Professor Tsien brings order and illumination to a space of know-how which has been of profound significance within the unfold of civilisation. the most physique of the ebook is an in depth examine of the discovery, expertise and aesthetic improvement of printing in China. From the expansion and supreme refinements of early woodcut printing to the unfold of printing from movable style and the advance of book-binding, Professor Tsien includes the tale ahead to the start of the 19th century while 'more published pages existed in chinese language than in all different languages positioned together'.
By Steven Goldberg
American faith, Steven Goldberg claims, has fallen right into a seize. simply in the interim while it has accumulated the political energy and gained the criminal correct to take part successfully in public debate, it has misplaced its certain voice. rather than talking of human values, objectives, and boundaries, it speaks within the language of science.
In the USA, technology has impressive impact and admire. American spiritual leaders looking status for his or her viewpoint on a regular basis sofa their responses to technological advancements, or guard their religion, in clinical phrases. They declare, for example, that clinical reviews reveal the ability of prayer, that technological know-how validates the Bible, together with its account of production, and that patenting the genetic code is harmful simply because genes are the essence of who we are.
But while ministers, monks, and rabbis expound on double-blind reviews and the genetic reasons of habit, they don't increase faith, Goldberg keeps, they trivialize it. Seduced via Science examines how, through permitting medical discourse to set the phrases of the controversy, American spiritual leaders facilitate religion's circulate clear of its extra acceptable and demanding issues of values, morality, and humility. technology can let us know much approximately what is but invaluable little approximately what ought to be and our non secular leaders usually leave out the opportunity so as to add an enormous voice from a faith-based standpoint to the general public debate that follows medical advances.
Discussing the newest and urgent collisions among technology and religion-such because the medicinal merits of prayer, the human genome undertaking, and cloning-Goldberg increases the well timed query of what the perfect function of faith could be in public lifestyles this present day. Tackling the criminal points of spiritual debate, Goldberg indicates ways in which non secular leaders could confront new clinical advancements in a extra significant fashion.
By Ilia Stambler
This paintings explores the background of life-extensionism within the twentieth century. The time period life-extensionism is intended to explain an ideological approach professing that radical existence extension (far past the current existence expectancy) is fascinating on moral grounds and is feasible to accomplish via wakeful clinical efforts. This paintings examines significant strains of life-extensionist idea, in chronological order, over the process the 20 th century, whereas targeting critical seminal works consultant of every pattern and interval, by means of such authors as Elie Metchnikoff, Bernard Shaw, Alexis Carrel, Alexander Bogomolets and others. Their works are thought of of their social and highbrow context, as elements of a bigger modern social and ideological discourse, linked to significant political upheavals and social and fiscal styles. the next nationwide contexts are thought of: France (Chapter One), Germany, Austria, Romania and Switzerland (Chapter Two), Russia (Chapter Three), the united states and united kingdom (Chapter Four). This paintings pursues 3 significant goals. the 1st is to try to spot and hint through the century numerous prevalent biomedical equipment whose improvement or purposes have been linked to radical hopes for life-extension. past mere hopefulness, this paintings argues, the will to greatly delay human lifestyles frequently constituted a powerful, even though rarely stated, motivation for biomedical study and discovery. it is going to be proven that novel fields of biomedical technological know-how usually had their beginning in far-reaching goals of radical lifestyles extension. The dynamic dichotomy among reductionist and holistic equipment can be emphasised. the second one aim is to enquire the ideological and socio-economic backgrounds of the proponents of radical lifestyles extension, that allows you to verify how ideology and financial stipulations prompted the life-extensionists and the way it affected the technology they pursued. For that goal, the biographies and key writings of numerous favorite sturdiness advocates are studied. Their particular ideological premises (attitudes towards faith and growth, pessimism or optimism relating to human perfectibility, and moral imperatives) in addition to their socioeconomic stipulations (the skill to behavior and disseminate learn in a particular social or monetary milieu) are tested in an try and discover what stipulations have inspired or discouraged life-extensionist concept. This examine argues for the inherent adjustability of life-extensionism, as a selected kind of medical company, to specific frequent kingdom ideologies. The 3rd, extra basic, objective is to assemble a wide sign in of life-extensionist works, and, in response to that sign up, to set up universal features and targets definitive of life-extensionism, reminiscent of valuation of lifestyles and fidelity, regardless of the entire range of equipment and ideologies professed. This paintings will give a contribution to the knowledge of utmost expectancies linked to biomedical development which have been scarcely investigated by means of biomedical heritage.
By Robert Herrmann
How has our figuring out of our international and our position within the universe replaced in fresh a long time during the momentous discoveries of technological know-how? Do contemporary advancements within the philosophy of technology, which position barriers on medical understanding, offer a extra point taking part in box? This number of essays and sermons, that have no longer been available ahead of, handle those thought-provoking questions.
The John Templeton starting place backed an essay and sermon contest to show an multiplied imaginative and prescient of God, one who is educated through contemporary discoveries of technology at the nature of the universe and where we've on the earth. those decisions are the winners of that competition.
The e-book is split into 3 sections: “Contemporary technology elevating Theological Questions,” “New Visions of Theology,” and “Historical and Philosophical views at the Science-Religion Dialogue.” The essays hide such components as physics, theology, cosmology, origins, and synthetic intelligence.
“There is otherwise to conceive our lifestyles jointly. there's differently to conceive of our existence in God, however it calls for a distinct worldview—not a clockwork universe within which participants functionality as discrete springs and gears, yet person who appears to be like extra like a luminous net, during which the complete is much greater than the components. during this universe, there is not any such factor as somebody except his or her relationships. each interaction—between humans and other people, among humans and issues, among issues and things—changes the face of heritage. existence in the world can't be decreased to 4 sure-fire ideas. it truly is an ever-unfolding secret that defies certain prediction. in the meantime, during this universe, there is not any such factor as 'parts‚' the complete is the basic unit of reality.” —Barbara Brown Taylor, “Physics and Faith,”
By Imre Lakatos
Imre Lakatos's Proofs and Refutations is an everlasting vintage, which hasn't ever misplaced its relevance. Taking the shape of a discussion among a instructor and a few scholars, the booklet considers numerous options to mathematical difficulties and, within the strategy, increases vital questions about the character of mathematical discovery and technique. Lakatos exhibits that arithmetic grows via a means of development by way of makes an attempt at proofs and evaluations of those makes an attempt, and his paintings maintains to motivate mathematicians and philosophers intending to improve a philosophy of arithmetic that money owed for either the static and the dynamic complexity of mathematical perform. With a specifically commissioned Preface written by way of Paolo Mancosu, this booklet has been revived for a brand new iteration of readers.
By Jan Zalasiewicz
This can be the tale of a unmarried pebble, whose heritage consists of us into abyssal depths of time, and around the farthest reaches of house. certainly, ranging from this tiny, universal speck, Jan Zalasiewicz deals readers a stimulating journey that starts off with the Universe's dramatic start within the unbelievable violence of the massive Bang and explores the development of the sun method and the origins of our personal planet. Zalasiewicz exhibits the virtually extraordinary complexity found in the it appears mundane pebble, beginning with the fantastic variety of atoms in every one. We study that many occasions within the Earth's historical earlier will be deciphered from a pebble: volcanic eruptions; the lives and deaths of extinct animals and vegetation; the alien nature of long-vanished oceans; or even the creations of fool's gold and oil deep underground. Zalasiewicz additionally demonstrates how geologists achieve deep into the Earth's previous by way of forensic research of even the tiniest quantities of mineral subject. The pebble could be small, and usual, however it is additionally an eloquent a part of our Earth's outstanding, unending tale.
By Aaron Panofsky
In Misbehaving Science, Aaron Panofsky strains the sphere of habit genetics again to its origins within the Fifties, telling the tale via shut appears to be like at 5 significant controversies. within the method, Panofsky argues that chronic, ungovernable controversy in habit genetics is because of the damaged hierarchies in the box. All authority and clinical norms are puzzled, whereas the absence of unanimously permitted equipment and theories leaves a foundationless box, the place affliction is ongoing. Critics cost habit geneticists with political motivations; champions say they purely keep on with the information the place they lead. yet Panofsky indicates how pragmatic dealing with repeated controversies drives their medical activities. satirically, habit geneticists’ struggles for medical authority and efforts to house the threats to their legitimacy and autonomy have made controversy inevitableand in many ways essentialto the research of habit genetics.
Download PDF by Eva-Maria Engelen, Christian Fleischhack, C. Giovanni: Heureka - Evidenzkriterien in den Wissenschaften: Ein
By Eva-Maria Engelen, Christian Fleischhack, C. Giovanni Galizia, Katharina Landfester
"Heureka” (ich habe es gefunden) soll Archimedes gerufen haben, als er in der Badewanne lag und sah, wie sein Körper das Wasser verdrängte. Unvermittelt battle ihm der Zusammenhang klar, er hatte das Auftriebsgesetz verstanden, was once ihm dazu verhalf, den Goldgehalt der Krone des Tyrannen zu bestimmen. Er entstieg der Wanne, rannte nackt durch die Straßen von Syrakus und rief weiterhin „ich habe es gefunden!“ Wie werden in einzelnen Disziplinen Heureka-Effekte hervorgerufen? Wann leuchtet Wissenschaftlern in einem Fach ein Argument, ein Gedanke ein, wie werden sie davon überzeugt? used to be sind die disziplinären criteria und wie sieht die Praxis im akademischen Alltag dazu aus? 15 Wissenschaftlerinnen und Wissenschaftler aus den Natur-, Geistes- und Sozialwissenschaften geben hierauf ihre Antworten in einer verständlichen und intestine zugänglichen Weise.
By Jarrett Leplin (Editor)