By T. Matsuzawa (Editor), M. Tomonaga (Editor), M. Tanaka (Editor)
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Extra resources for Cognitive Development in Chimpanzees
21a,b). We may still have underestimated the cognitive capabilities of chimpanzees. We do not yet have a full picture of their cognitive development. Ai is still only 29 years old and has nearly half her life ahead of her. My hope is that my colleagues and I will, through our parallel efforts in the laboratory and in the wild, continue to contribute to our understanding of chimpanzee life as a whole. 30 T. Matsuzawa a Fig. 21a,b. A test of numeric memory span (Kawai and Matsuzawa 2000) was applied to an infant chimpanzee named Ayumu at the age of 5.
Chimpanzees at KUPRI also show high selectivity when feeding on trees. For example, they eat the leaves of cherry trees but not those of plum. They feed on almost all deciduous trees, but only some of the evergreens and none of the conifers. At present, our outdoor compound remains covered by leafy green trees and grass all year round, even in the absence of further planting efforts (Ochiai and Matsuzawa, unpublished data). Second, we built 15-m-high climbing frames, our so-called “triple towers” (Fig.
Imagine that ﬁve numerals appear on the monitor. When Ayumu touches the ﬁrst numeral, the other numerals turn into white rectangles (Kawai and Matsuzawa 2000), yet he is able to touch the rectangles in the correct order. For this task, Ayumu has to memorize the numerals and their respective positions before he makes his ﬁrst touch. Ayumu’s performance in memorizing ﬁve numerals at a glance now exceeds that of his mother, and also that of human adults (Fig. 21a,b). We may still have underestimated the cognitive capabilities of chimpanzees.
Cognitive Development in Chimpanzees by T. Matsuzawa (Editor), M. Tomonaga (Editor), M. Tanaka (Editor)