By Kevin J. Middlebrook
Under what stipulations do political associations enhance which are in a position to selling fiscal and social elites' lodging to democracy? the significance of this query for examine on regime swap and democracy in Latin the United States lies in demonstrated political evidence: alliances among upper-class teams and the military have traditionally been an immense reason for army intervention within the zone, and international locations with electorally workable nationwide conservative events have skilled considerably longer classes of democratic governance because the Twenties and Nineteen Thirties than have international locations with vulnerable conservative parties.
The members to this publication study the connection among the best and democracy in Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, El Salvador, Peru, and Venezuela in the course of the Eighties and Nineteen Nineties. The authors concentration quite at the demanding situations that democratization might pose to upper-class teams; the political function of conservative events and their electoral functionality in the course of those the most important a long time; and the relationships between conservative occasion energy or weak point, various modes of elite curiosity illustration, and financial and social elites' aid for political democracy. the amount features a statistical appendix with info on conservative events' electoral functionality in nationwide elections in the course of the Eighties and Nineteen Nineties in those seven countries.
Contributors: Atilio A. Borón, Universidad de Buenos Aires • Catherine M. Conaghan, Queen's college • Michael Coppedge, collage of Notre Dame • John C. Dugas, Kalamazoo collage • Manuel Antonio Garretón, Universidad de Chile • Scott Mainwaring, collage of Notre Dame • Rachel Meneguello, Universidade de Campinas • Kevin J. Middlebrook, college of California, San Diego • Timothy J. strength, Florida overseas college • Elisabeth J. wooden, ny University.
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Extra info for Conservative Parties, the Right, and Democracy in Latin America
In Argentina, electoral support for the ‘‘new Right’’ was always modest, and it fell sharply in the ∞ΩΩ≠s. ≥ percent of the valid vote over the course of the four presidential elections held between ∞Ω∫≠ and ∞ΩΩ∑. ∞∏). Nevertheless, the most pressing problem Peruvian conservatives faced was their inability to translate electoral support into more durable party organizations. Like their Argentine counterparts, Peru’s conservative parties remained heavily dependent for policy inﬂuence on their participation in neoliberal policy coalitions led by other political forces.
Church-state conﬂicts in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries led to the formation of nationally organized, electorally viable parties on the center-right and right of the partisan spectrum in Chile, Colombia, and Venezuela. In Argentina, Brazil, El Salvador, and Peru, the evolution of church-state issues and the sociopolitical context did not favor the creation of major conservative parties capable of competing for power via open elections, although in several instances (Argentina, Brazil, El Salvador) economic and social elites did at different times found political machines or ‘‘ofﬁcial’’ parties.
In Brazil, where conservative parties had also been weak in organizational terms, conservative politicians fared well after the restoration of democracy in ∞Ω∫∑. They did so, however, despite the fact that their parties remained fragmented and fragile. The electoral success of Brazilian conservatives was due mainly to their continued ability to mobilize heterogeneous bases of support via patronage networks and other traditional means. The Failure of New Conservative Parties in Argentina and Peru In Argentina, conservative groups centered in Buenos Aires were among the ﬁrst political actors to respond to the country’s democratic opening by organizing a new party alternative.
Conservative Parties, the Right, and Democracy in Latin America by Kevin J. Middlebrook