By Dennis Upper and Joseph R. Cautela (Eds.)
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Additional resources for Covert Conditioning
The Si, as an out-patient, recorded these events daily. Due to the distance of his home from the treatment center, S2 remained in the hospital during the week and returned home on weekends. , during which time he recorded incidents of sexual arousal. Second, the hierarchy scenes were typed on individual cards. For Si the 45 cards were divided into five packs of 9 cards each, chosen in such a way that each pack contained an equally arousing set of scenes. The 32 cards of S2 were not divided. The Si then was given one of the packs, while S2 was given the whole set.
A physical ex amination, including an investigation of thyroid activity and metabolic rate, is required of all patients prior to treatment. Each week they are asked about their general health and well being in order to ensure that no physical harm is being done. The patients are weighed at the beginning of each session. If there is indication that eating food is a mechanism of anxiety reduction, the patient is also treated to reduce the sources of anxiety. After they have lost 15 pounds, the patients are often asked to perform simple neck and arm exercises to avoid loose skin in these regions.
Stanford: Stanford Univer. Press, 1958. Chapter 4 Experimental Control of Sexual Deviation Through Manipulation of the Noxious Scene in Covert Sensitization t David H. Barlow, Harold Leitenberg, and W . Stewart Agras Summary — Pedophilic behavior in one S and homosexual behavior in another S were de creased, increased, and once again decreased by introducing, removing, and reintroducing the noxious scene in covert sensitization, a form of aversion therapy. The results indicated that verbal description of the nauseous scene was an effective aversive stimulus, and that pairing this scene with scenes of the undesired behavior was responsible for declines in deviant sexual behavior during covert sensitization.
Covert Conditioning by Dennis Upper and Joseph R. Cautela (Eds.)