By Patricia H. Marks
The overthrow of Viceroy Joaqu??n de los angeles Pezuela on 29 January 1821 has no longer got a lot recognition from historians, who've tended to view it as an easy army rebellion. but during this cautious learn of the episode, in response to deep archival examine, Patricia Marks finds it to be a pivotal occasion within the rising advertisement clash among liberal free-traders and protectionists that retarded the institution of a strong nationwide nation in post-independence Peru. The overthrow of the viceroy thereby will be obvious as an early manifestation of Latin American praetorianism, within which a selected area of the civilian inhabitants, not able to be successful politically and unwilling to compromise, pressures military officials to behave in an effort to shop the kingdom.
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Extra info for Deconstructing Legitimacy: Viceroys, Merchants, and the Military in Late Colonial Peru
34; Toma de razón de los enteros en Caxas Reales de los 600,000 pesos por cuenta del millón de pesos, 1819, agnpConsulado, leg. 33. 45. Consulado to Viceroy, 23 Sept. 1820, agnp-Hacienda colonial, leg. 1239. For an earlier version of the same argument, see Consulta del consulado, 29 Mar. 1817, in Informes y consultas expedidas por el Real Tribunal del Consulado desde 9 de enero de 1816 hasta 2 de abril de 1818, agnp-Hacienda colonial, leg. 1227. 46. The exact date of Mazo’s arrival in Peru is not known.
For the notorious case of the first count of Revillagigedo, viceroy of Mexico from 1746 until 1755, see Andrés Cavo, Los tres siglos de Méjico durante el gobierno español hasta la entrada del ejército trigarante ( Jalapa: Tipografía Veracruzana de A. Ruiz, 1870), 290. For earlier examples in Peru, see Madelaine Glynn D. D. Marks FM-Chap 4 8/22/07 10:56 AM Page 26 26 deconstructing legitimacy During the late colonial period, it was common for bureaucrats to invest government funds in commercial ventures, preferably those offering short-term profits.
Razón de los señores ministros y subalternos, in Consulado to Amandarro, 26 May 1803, agnp-Hacienda colonial, leg. 1115. 53. Razón de los individuos del comercio de Lima, 1811, agi-Lima, leg. 1551; Prorrata de los 400,000 pesos, 1819, agnp-Consulado, leg. 34; Cuentos del cupo de los 150,000 pesos, 1821, cdipTomo 21, 1:379–431, 433–39, 441–46. 54. For the sake of simplicity, matrícula will be used to refer to all of the lists described above. Marks FM-Chap 4 8/22/07 10:56 AM Page 31 city of kings, city of commerce 31 identify those involved in the Atlantic trade.
Deconstructing Legitimacy: Viceroys, Merchants, and the Military in Late Colonial Peru by Patricia H. Marks