By Göran Söderlund
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Extra info for Distractor or noise? : The influence of different sounds on cognitive performance in inattentive and attentive children
Structural abnormality in brain is probably a risk factor for epilepsy with comorbid ADHD. Moreover uncontrolled seizures cause disturbed sleep, which in turn may result in attention difficulties during the day. Side effects of some anti epileptic drugs such as topiramate, vigabatrin, gabapentine are known to increase aggression in LD and many children with epilepsy are likely to have LD. Stimulants seem to be safe in children with well controlled seizures. , 2004). The SPC for MPH state it may lower the convulsive threshold in patients with prior history of seizures and in patients with prior EEG abnormalities.
Blashfield (2009,1994) has referred to the co-morbidity as a concordance of a different disease in the same individual. Likewise, Caron and Rutter have defined comorbidity as the simultaneous occurrence of 2 or more unrelated conditions. As one can see from the definition, the term co-morbidity refers to the situation in which a person who has been diagnosed with one specific disorder is found to also meet the diagnostic criteria of one or more additional disorders. There has been a controversy regarding the use of this term, the primary reason highlighted by the definition of Carson and Rutter (1991).
Key points ADHD is a common behavioural disorder with clear diagnosis criteria. ADHD co-exists with other conditions in a high proportion. Treatment options for ADHD include behaviour management, medications and educational modification. Early recognition and treatment of ADHD may result in less antisocial behaviour, criminality and substance abuse in later life. 15. Appendix 1. Side-effects Questionnaire (parents/carers) Child’s Name: ___________________________D O B: _____________ Date: ________________ All medication has side-effects; some are more troublesome than others.
Distractor or noise? : The influence of different sounds on cognitive performance in inattentive and attentive children by Göran Söderlund