Download e-book for iPad: Epidemiology and Culture by James A. Trostle

By James A. Trostle

ISBN-10: 0511111320

ISBN-13: 9780511111327

ISBN-10: 0521790506

ISBN-13: 9780521790505

ISBN-10: 0521793890

ISBN-13: 9780521793896

Demonstrating how practitioners within the rising box of ''cultural epidemiology'' describe human healthiness, converse with diversified audiences, and intrude to enhance wellbeing and fitness and stop illness, this e-book makes use of textual and statistical photographs of sickness to explain interdisciplinary collaborations. studying epidemiology as a cultural perform is helping to bare the ways that dimension, causal pondering, and intervention layout are encouraged via trust, behavior, and theories of energy.

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The popularity of including a broad range of social factors in studies of population health was waning by the last quarter of the nineteenth century, in part because clinical researchers were searching for single causes for specific diseases and in part because social researchers were more interested in the evolution than the function of society. xml CY477B/Trostle 26 0 521 79050 6 May 6, 2005 1:23 Origins of an Integrated Approach social factors because the role of human contact was so obviously critical to understanding disease transmission.

Physicians working in hospitals began to see for the first time beyond the particularities of their own practices; they could examine many patients with the same disease, be it rare or epidemic. Consistent and general diagnostic portraits of a disease thus could be built out of many individual cases (Ackerknecht 1967, Foucault 1973) and in turn could be used to improve the accuracy of diagnosis. This allowed researchers to count similar cases of specific diseases and conditions. But accurate studies of diseases in populations depend on numerators and denominators; that is, they require that cases of disease be compared with a completely measured population at risk.

Virchow blamed the government for the epidemic and famine; he prescribed education, freedom, and prosperity as lasting solutions, in addition to the short-term palliatives of food aid or new drugs. Like Panum, Virchow was able to make concrete links between social conditions and disease outcomes based on his physical presence on the site, doing fieldwork and careful observation. B. Social Causes of Disease and Death Virchow also offered ideas about how social revolution influences epidemic diseases.

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Epidemiology and Culture by James A. Trostle

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