By A. C. Arntzenius, F. H. Bonjer, M. C. Huige, E. van Vollenhoven (auth.), H. Kesteloot, J. V. Joossens (eds.)
Hypertension is a huge illness and opposite to ischemic middle illness, which happens purely in Western international locations, its distribution is sort of common. it truly is this universality that has caused us to collect, during this ebook, info on arterial blood strain got in several components of the area. furthermore, cerebrovascular mortality, that is the most typical explanation for dying from high blood pressure, is reducing in such a lot Western international locations and in Japan, and the explanations for this are nonetheless faraway from transparent. a huge challenge in evaluating blood strain values from assorted facilities is the standardization of the size. whole standardization seriously is not accomplished if one takes under consideration the varied elements which could impact blood strain in epidemiological reviews. no matter if blood pressures are measured through medical professionals or by means of technicians, are recorded at domestic, within the operating position or in a clinic, in sitting, status or supine place, and is taken throughout the similar examination-all of those no matter if a blood pattern components can impression blood strain size. yet nutrients, time of day (blood strain being greater within the evening), center cost, cuff measurement, stethoscope used, digit choice, month of yr, temperature, etc., can both effect the dimension. domestic examining of arterial blood strain at standardized instances is without doubt one of the top solution to all of those difficulties and has been used with pleasant leads to a comparative learn among Belgium and Korea.
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Extra resources for Epidemiology of Arterial Blood Pressure
J Lab Clin Med 55:362-375, 1960. 21. Lee DH: Terrestrial animals in dry heat: Man in the desert. In: Dill DB, et al (eds) Handbook of physiology. Section 4: Adaptation to the environment. Baltimore: Williams and Wilkins, 1964, pp 551-582. 22. Guyton AC: Textbook of medical physiology. Philadelphia: WB Saunders, 1966. 23. Goodhart RS, Shils ME: Modern nutrition in health and disease, 5th edn. Philadelphia: Lea and Febiger, 1973. 24. Geigy scientific tables, 7th edn. Basel: Geigy, 1970. 25. Mickelsen 0, Makdani D, Gill JL, Frank RL: Sodium and potassium intakes and excretions of normal men consuming sodium chloride or a 1: 1 mixture of sodium and potassium chlorides.
Table 4 summarizes the correlations of sodium and potassium in the different urine collections with the three-day mean 24-h urine collection. 91) with the three-day mean. 001 level). The same order was also found in the correlation coefficients of potassium and sodium/potassium values. The correlations of the potassium concentrations in spot urines with the mean potassium output of three 24-h urine collections were not statistically significant. The question of how many 24-h urine sodium measurements are needed to characterize individuals for assessing the relationship between salt intake and blood pressure within this population was studied.
In a nutrition survey of farmers, regional salt intake was estimated based on Japanese food composition tables. The main sources of salt in the diet were soy sauce, table salt, miso (salty fermented soybean), and pickles. The salt intake figures agreed well with the regional 24-h urinary sodium analyses. ) In addition to one 24-h urine collection, precise weighing of food for three days has been used in age group comparisons in Korea . Sodium intake estimates based on food composition tables correlated well with the average group sodium output.
Epidemiology of Arterial Blood Pressure by A. C. Arntzenius, F. H. Bonjer, M. C. Huige, E. van Vollenhoven (auth.), H. Kesteloot, J. V. Joossens (eds.)