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By Luis A. Moreno, Iris Pigeot, Wolfgang Ahrens

ISBN-10: 1441960384

ISBN-13: 9781441960382

ISBN-10: 1441960392

ISBN-13: 9781441960399

Epidemiology of weight problems in teenagers and teenagers Luis Moreno, Iris Pigeot, and Wolfgang Ahrens, editors regardless of adults’ most sensible preventive efforts, formative years weight problems is at the upward thrust in such a lot components of the realm, and with it the superiority of sort 2 diabetes, high blood pressure, heart problems, and different previously adult-onset stipulations. Epidemiology of weight problems in kids and youngsters takes the worldwide ecological method that's had to comprehend the scope of the matter and its a number of reasons and mechanisms, and to help in constructing more beneficial prevention and intervention courses. within the book’s first part, specialists current a descriptive precis of teenybopper weight problems traits in ten international areas, damaged down via age workforce, gender, socioeconomic prestige, and probability components. Complementing those findings, half studies the proof base concerning the variables, individually and together, having the main major effect on younger people’s improvement of weight problems, together with: • Genetic and nutrigenomic components. • Environmental and psychosocial components, akin to family members buying and consuming behavior and entry to healthy meals. • Neuroendocrine legislation. • Prenatal and neonatal elements (e.g., gestational diabetes of the mother). • nutritional components, from nutrient content material to younger people’s nutrition personal tastes. • actual task as opposed to sedentary habit. Epidemiology of weight problems in kids and youngsters is critical examining for the variety of execs excited by curbing this epidemic, together with public overall healthiness experts, epidemiologists, pediatricians, nurses, nutritionists, psychologists, wellbeing and fitness educators, and policymakers.

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Additional resources for Epidemiology of Obesity in Children and Adolescents: Prevalence and Etiology

Sample text

8)). Furthermore, we found that most of the significant ethnic differences in measures of overweight, obesity, and body fatness disappeared after controlling for SM (Wang 2002). However, to our knowledge, none of the current widely used obesity references have provided a practical approach to address this issue. Previously we have proposed a populationbased approach for adjusting maturity difference between the study and reference populations (Wang and Adair 2001). We illustrated the approach using the WHO/NCHS (National Center for Health Statistics) reference and data collected in three populations.

Sex differences in total fat mass and its body distribution are apparent even long before puberty starts (Daniels et al. 1997). The amount of fat mass in girls is usually higher than in boys at all ages (Daniels et al. 1997; Rodríguez et al. 2004b). These body composition differences related to sex support the concept that population standard growth curves must be constructed separately for both sexes. Furthermore, sexual maturation is related to adiposity measures and the association varies by sex (Wang 2002), and it has been argued that sexual maturation status should be considered when assessing young people’s nutritional status including obesity (Wang and Adair 2001; WHO 1995).

Features of the twocompartment model are influenced by age and maturation (Butte et al. 2000). It has been demonstrated that the proportion of FM to FFM changes throughout childhood and adolescence, and the changes in boys are different from those in girls (Maynard et al. 2001). Early growth is a consequence of cellular hypertrophy and hyperplasia. Throughout infancy, childhood and adolescence, there is a change in the chemical composition of FFM as defined in terms of total body water (TBW), extracellular water, cellular water, osseous minerals, non-osseous minerals, carbohydrates and total body potassium (TBK).

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Epidemiology of Obesity in Children and Adolescents: Prevalence and Etiology by Luis A. Moreno, Iris Pigeot, Wolfgang Ahrens


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