By Andrea Bardin
This mixture of historiography and thought bargains the turning out to be Anglophone readership drawn to the guidelines of Gilbert Simondon a radical and unheard of survey of the French philosopher’s whole oeuvre. The booklet, which breaks new flooring in its thoroughness and breadth of study, systematically lines the interconnections among Simondon’s philosophy of technological know-how and know-how at the one hand, and his political philosophy at the other.
The writer units Simondon’s principles within the context of the epistemology of the overdue Nineteen Fifties and the Nineteen Sixties in France, the milieu that formed a iteration of key French thinkers reminiscent of Deleuze, Foucault and Derrida. This quantity explores Simondon’s assets, that have been as eclectic as they have been influential: from the philosophy of Bergson to the cybernetics of Wiener, from the phenomenology of Merleau-Ponty to the epistemology of Canguilhem, and from Bachelard’s philosophy of technology to the positivist sociology and anthropology of luminaries resembling Durkheim and Leroi-Gourhan. It additionally tackles elements of Simondon’s philosophy that relate to Heidegger and Elull of their challenge with the ontological courting among expertise and society and discusses key students of Simondon equivalent to Barthélémy, Combes, Stiegler, and Virno, in addition to the paintings of latest protagonists within the philosophical debate at the relevance of method. The author’s intimate wisdom of Simondon’s language permits him to solve the various semantic error and misinterpretations that experience plagued reactions to Simondon’s many philosophical neologisms, frequently drawn from his medical studies.
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Additional info for Epistemology and Political Philosophy in Gilbert Simondon: Individuation, Technics, Social Systems
1950. The human use of human beings. Cybernetics and Society. London: Sphere Books, 1968. 16 Merleau-Ponty died a few months before the conference, in May 1961. Three years later Simondon dedicated IGPB to Merleau-Ponty. g. in CSP) and indeed not particularly relevant. I shall not measure here Simondon’s unquestionable debt towards Merleau-Ponty as I will limit myself to the use of some of his theses in order to challenge a few problems in Simondon’s philosophy. 17 Simondon’s complete bibliography and a list of abbreviations are provided in the Appendix.
As explained above, the transmission of information does not necessarily entail any ‘external’ intervention (neither a physical operator – whether a human being or a machine – nor ‘consciousness’) to introduce a supplementary piece of information in the system. In fact, due to their constitutive disparation and metastability, systems continuously emit signals which can be converted into information, if only they encounter another metastable system with a ‘compatible’ code. Of course, this works for any kind of information exchanges among systems (physical, biological or social), since the actual encounter of partial indeterminacies of different systems is what really originates information, independently of the typology, scale and regime of their operating.
Paris: Alcan. Ruyer, R. 1954. La cybernétique et l’origine de l’information. Paris: Flammarion. Von Uexküll, J. 1934. Streifzüge durch die Umwellen von Tieren und Menschen – Bedeutungslehre. Berlin: Springer (French trans. Mondes animaux et monde humain. Suivi de La théorie de la signification. Paris: Denoël, 1965). Wiener, N. 1948. Cybernetics: Or control of communication in the animal and the machine. New York: John Wiley & Sons. Wiener, N. 1950. The human use of human beings. Cybernetics and Society.
Epistemology and Political Philosophy in Gilbert Simondon: Individuation, Technics, Social Systems by Andrea Bardin