By Ben Evans
To commemorate the momentous 50th anniversary of Yuri Gagarin’s pioneering trip into area on 12th April 2011, a sequence of 5 books – to be released each year – will discover this part century, decade by means of decade, to find how humanity’s wisdom of flying, operating and dwelling in house has replaced. every one quantity will concentration not just upon the person missions inside ‘its’ decade, but additionally upon the most important demanding situations dealing with human house exploration at particular issues inside these 50 years: from the straightforward difficulties of respiring and consuming in area to the demanding situations of venturing outdoors in a pressurised spacesuit and locomotion at the Moon.
The first quantity of this sequence will concentration upon the Sixties, exploring each one project from April 1961 to April 1971 extensive: from the pioneering Vostok flights to the institution of the 1st Salyut house station and from Alan Shepard’s modest sub-orbital ‘hop’ into area to his effective arrival on the Moon’s Fra Mauro foothills virtually a decade later.
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Within the phrases of these who trod the void and people at missioncontrol, listed below are over 50 of the best actual tales of suborbital,orbital and deep-space exploration. From Apollo 8â€TMsfirst view of a fractured, tortured panorama of craters on theâ€ ̃dark sideâ€TM of the Moon to the sequence of cliff-hanger crisesaboard area station Mir, they comprise moments ofextraordinary heroic fulfillment in addition to episodes of terriblehuman fee.
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Extra resources for Escaping the Bonds of Earth: The Fifties and the Sixties (Springer Praxis Books Space Exploration)
In his fictitious account of the Reaction 25 proceedings, published in 1978, Borisenko would recall ``dashing up to the descent module, next to which stood a smiling Gagarin''. The reality that capsule and cosmonaut landed a couple of kilometres apart was kept closely guarded. After his day on the Volga, during which time he also played billiards with Titov and described his experiences, Gagarin flew to Moscow on the morning of 14 April aboard an Ilyushin-18. He had already rehearsed the half-hour speech that he would deliver to Khrushchev ± in which Nikolai Kamanin played the role of the Soviet leader ± but could hardly have anticipated the sheer outpouring of adoration for him.
Ten minutes after launch, Vostok was heading eastwards in the direction of Siberia and Gagarin gradually drifted out of radio range with Tyuratam, to be picked up in turn by other listening posts at Novosibirsk, Kolpashevo, Khabarovsk and the easternmost station on Soviet soil, Yelizovo, near Petropavlovsk on the Kamchatka Peninsula. To attract Gagarin's attention, each station transmitted musical themes to him: Muscovite tunes, `Waves of the Amur', Baglanova songs and others. ``During that early period,'' Alexei Leonov wrote, ``the Mission Control Centre at Yevpatoriya in the Crimea .
The original plan to hire pilots in their twenties to develop them as `career' cosmonauts seemed to have partially backfired. In his diary, Kamanin revealed his frustrations and admitted that the public role of the cosmonaut was far larger than had been envisaged; more academic training was needed and Titov, Gagarin and others were enrolled into university before commencing further mission preparations. Naturally, official Tass communiqueÂs yielded no indication of any sickness whilst in orbit.
Escaping the Bonds of Earth: The Fifties and the Sixties (Springer Praxis Books Space Exploration) by Ben Evans