By Stephen R. Schmidt
Not all thoughts are created equivalent. Our stories for a few very remarkable occasions appear to stand out in our minds, and as such they might shape the very middle of who we're. maybe you will have a shiny recollection of a fateful day, an unforgettable face, or a hilarious comic story. This booklet summarizes theories and knowledge that supply perception into those outstanding stories for unheard of occasions. The booklet starts with a class scheme for unprecedented occasions, through a theoretical evaluate grounded in 4 metaphors of reminiscence. The type scheme and theoretical views are used to discover themes together with: flashbulb thoughts, the impression of emotion on reminiscence, the weird imagery impression, the humor impression, the serial place impression, and the isolation impression. the realization offers a framework for figuring out those notable thoughts for unparalleled events.
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Additional info for Extraordinary Memories for Exceptional Events
Memory researchers also use metaphors in their attempts to understand memory for exceptional events. Thus, for example, William James described “a scar upon the cerebral tissue” left by emotional events (1890, p. 670), and R. Brown and Kulik (1977) discussed “flashbulb memories” for biologically significant experiences. This use of a metaphor should not surprise students of psychology, who are aware that the field is particularly prone to metaphorical descriptions. “In psychology, we can only describe things by help of analogies.
Fabiani and her associates have provided what is perhaps the best example of this approach in memory research. 3 Net of electrical pickups used to measure event-related potentials. ) potentials, or ERPs. Neuroscientists commonly use ERPs to connect brain activity to specific stimulus events. A net or skullcap of electrical pickups is attached to the head, and tiny changes in voltage between individual electrodes and a base electrode are measured. 3. Neuronal activities in the brain create electrical fields that are projected to the surface of the skull; the electrodes embedded in the skullcap receive these signals.
3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. List 1 (Homogeneous) List 2 (Isolation) hockey baseball swimming tennis basketball soccer golf football lacrosse track shark bass salmon herring catfish soccer perch trout goldfish tuna Note: Participants who were asked to note the similarities between the words remembered the word soccer better if they read List 2 than if they read List 1. This is called the isolation effect (see Chapter 6). However, participants asked to process the differences between the words remembered the word soccer equally well in the two lists.
Extraordinary Memories for Exceptional Events by Stephen R. Schmidt