By Colin Burgess
8 of America's early astronauts, chosen to take part within the Mercury, Gemini and Apollo courses, died whereas hired via NASA. 3 of the 8 - Roger Chaffee, Gus Grissom and Ed White - are rather popular, having died in a ugly fireplace in the course of a coaching workout within the Apollo 1 command module on January 27, 1967. the opposite 5 are a ways much less commonly used. 4 perished in jet crashes (Ted Freeman, Elliot See, Charlie Bassett and C.C. Williams) whereas one (Ed Givens) died in a motor vehicle crash. regrettably, Burgess (Teacher in house) and Doolan (coauthor, project to Planet Earth) inform their tales in turgid and repetitive prose, failing to dig underneath the outside and therefore supplying remarkably little perception into the lads, their time or the corporation for which they labored. in contrast to nearly another booklet facing the personalities of the astronauts, this one leads us to think that each one have been single-minded saints, with out human foibles. Rounding out the ebook is a bankruptcy written via Vis, a Dutch area analyst, detailing the lives and deaths of the 8 Soviet cosmonauts who died among 1961 and 1971. This bankruptcy is even weaker than the remainder; little significant details is gifted and there are real conflicts with the yankee chapters. whereas the premature deaths of fine, proficient males evoke pathos, those abbreviated biographies don't deepen knowing of them. 37 b&w photos.
__________Восемь из первых американских астронавтов, отобранных для участия в программах "Меркурий", "Джемини" и "Аполлон", погибли, работая в НАСА. Трое из этих восьми астронавтов - Роджер Чаффи, Гас Гриссом и Эд Уайт - хорошо известны; они погибли в страшном пожаре, охвативший командный модуль корабля "Аполлон-1" во время тренировки 27 января 1967 года. Остальные пятеро менее известны. Четверо из них (Тед Фриман, Элиот Си, Чарльз Бэссет и С.С. Уильямс) погибли при крушении самолётов и ещё один (Эд Гивенс) - в автомобильной аварии. Эта книга рассказывает о них. Описывается также жизнь и смерть восьми советских космонавтов, погибших в 1961-1971 годах. Книга содержит 37 чёрно-белых фотографий.
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Extra info for Fallen astronauts: heroes who died reaching for the moon
Such a craft was potentially far superior in speed, altitude, and range than any existing – or planned – intercontinental jet bomber or guided missile, and Bell believed his company’s project would find an eager sponsor in the Air Force. Bell sent Casey Forrest, his chief engineer for the project, to Lamar with Dornberger’s concept. If the Air Force needed an enemy threat to justify boost-glider or ICBM development, it did not need to look far in 1952. Soviet efforts to develop an intercontinental boost-glide rocket-bomber, an ICBM, and a spacecraft were known within the administration (Lasby 1971).
Putt, commander of the Air Research and Development Command, Demler compared it to the Bombardment Missile Branch’s Atlas program and RAND’s FEEDBACK proposal for a reconnaissance satellite program. Atlas would be available earlier than BOMI and, as an established program, would have a higher probability of success. However, BOMI offered a unique capability for several missions. As a multi-sensor platform and booster combination, it could supplement the speeds, altitudes, and intercontinental range of the Atlas and Navaho rockets to deliver a nuclear weapon while incorporating more reconnaissance sensors than Rand’s proposed Project FEEDBACK reconnaissance satellite.
Heaton hoped to use BOMI as a means to evaluate future boost-gliders while advancing the state-of-the-art in manned bombers and reconnaissance vehicles. He recognized, however, that the vehicle’s missions ‘appear to duplicate’ the strategic missions of the Atlas ICBM as well as the reconnaissance satellite program outlined by RAND in Project FEEDBACK (Heaton 1952). Knowing it could also complement these systems, he felt the program would ‘increase our technical knowledge’ and authorized a limited study in ‘consonance with Projects Atlas and Feedback’ (ibid).
Fallen astronauts: heroes who died reaching for the moon by Colin Burgess