Read e-book online Fascism in Spain, 1923-1977 PDF

By Stanley G. Payne

ISBN-10: 0299165604

ISBN-13: 9780299165604

This learn bargains remedy of the entire significant doctrines, personalities and defining positive factors of the Spanish fascist flow, from its beginnings till the loss of life of basic Francisco Franco in 1977. the writer describes and analyzes the improvement of the Falangist celebration either ahead of and through the Spanish Civil battle, featuring a close research of its transformation into the kingdom get together of the Franco regime - Falange Espanola Tradicionalista - in addition to its final conversion into the psuedofascist Movimiento Nacional. specific consciousness is dedicated to the an important years 1939-1942, whilst the Falangists endeavoured to extend their impact and convert the Franco regime right into a totally Fascist method.

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As Spanish society and politics changed, the military found themselves increasingly placed toward the rightist side of the political spectrumY One factor moving many officers toward a more authoritarian political position was the rise of the revolutionary left from the 1890S on. 22 The parliamentary conflict and stalemate in public affairs also affected the military. From 1917 officers were themselves divided politically and internally, not so much between liberals and conservatives (only a minority of officers were by this point genuinely liberal) as between combat officers with experience in Morocco (africanistas) and bureaucratic peninsular officers whose advancement was based only on seniority.

Formally, the selfrighteous Mallorcan politician stood for a reformist conservatism that emphasized strict law-and-order constitutionalism, more honest politics and elections, a degree of responsible politico-administrative decentralization, strong support for Catholic values, and overriding concern for the higher interests of the Spanish nation and its economic development. A singular feature of maurismo was the Jovenes Mauristas, the only significant youth group among the establishment parties.

Rumors that the peseta would be placed on the gold standard only encouraged more money to enter Spain, at least for the time being. Yet prosperity was also raising imports to unprecedented levels, while the government's heavy expenditures were now placing its budget severely in the red. By the end of I928, it was clear that there could be no conversion to gold, and the government had to resort to increasingly interventionist measures to try to maintain the peseta's value, as more and more money flowed out.

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Fascism in Spain, 1923-1977 by Stanley G. Payne

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