By Arlene J. Diaz
Lady electorate, Patriarchs, and the legislation in Venezuela examines the results that liberalism had on gender kinfolk within the strategy of kingdom formation in Caracas from the past due eighteenth to the 19th century. The 1811 Venezuelan structure granted every person within the summary, together with girls, the fitting to be electorate and equals, yet even as authorized the continuing use of older Spanish civil legislation that accorded girls inferior prestige and granted better authority to male heads of families. Invoking citizenship for his or her personal security and that in their household, a few ladies went to courtroom to assert an identical civil liberties and protections granted to male electorate. within the overdue eighteenth century, colonial courts distributed a few defense to ladies of their conflicts with males; a century later, even if, patriarchal prerogatives have been reaffirmed in courtroom sentences. Discouraging as this setback used to be, the activities of the ladies who had fought those felony battles raised an information of the discrepancies among the legislations and women’s day-by-day lives, laying the basis for Venezuelan women’s agencies within the 20th century.Drawing on a wealth of basic assets, historian Arlene Díaz exhibits how the fight for political energy within the smooth country bolstered and reproduced patriarchal authority. She additionally unearths how Venezuelan girls from various sessions, in private and non-private, coped strategically with their paradoxical prestige as equivalent electorate who still lacked energy as a result of their gender. laying off mild on a primary yet little tested size of contemporary kingdom construction, girl electorate, Patriarchs, and the legislations in Venezuela provides voice to historical Venezuelan ladies whereas providing a close examine a society making the awkward transition from the colonial international to a contemporary one.
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Additional resources for Female Citizens, Patriarchs, and the Law in Venezuela, 1786-1904 (Engendering Latin America)
For one, the authorship of documents is occasionally uncertain. Sometimes a lay individual narrated the contents of documents, perhaps with the aid of a scribe, but in other instances lawyers composed the documents. The written evidence included in the expedientes helped in corroborating the authorship of some letters but not all of them. Another issue is that of representativeness. Litigants form only a fraction of the population, and the question exists as to whether they can account for the experience of most caraquen˜os.
Litigants form only a fraction of the population, and the question exists as to whether they can account for the experience of most caraquen˜os. Still, even with such limitations, the richness of these lawsuits allows some reasonable generalizations about gender relations, their relationship with high culture, and their transformations throughout the nineteenth century. Other primary sources such as newspaper and magazine articles, speeches, legal codes, and treatises on law were used to enrich and crossexamine the discussion provided in the lawsuits.
Thus the process of state-building in the early republic was very much infused with a gendered agenda. Chapter traces the legal terrain of the new republic and the ways in which Venezuelan politicians sought to use the law to give legitimacy, continuity, and stability to the new nation by increasing paternal authority and by implementing vagrancy laws and the death penalty. The new liberal nation also legitimized the use of various colonial codes that supported class, racial, and gendered distinctions and that allowed the continued political exclusion of the majority of the population.
Female Citizens, Patriarchs, and the Law in Venezuela, 1786-1904 (Engendering Latin America) by Arlene J. Diaz