By Bharat Bhushan
This moment variation of instruction manual of Micro/Nanotribology addresses the swift evolution inside of this box, serving as a reference for the amateur and the professional alike. elements divide this instruction manual: half I covers easy stories, and half II addresses layout, building, and functions to magnetic garage units and MEMS.
This finished ebook comprises sixteen chapters contributed via greater than 20 overseas researchers. In each one bankruptcy, the presentation starts off with macroconcepts after which bring about microconcepts. With greater than 500 illustrations and 50 tables, instruction manual of Micro/Nanotribology covers the variety of suitable issues, together with characterization of stable surfaces, size recommendations and purposes, and theoretical modeling of interfaces.
What's New within the moment version? New chapters on:
Read or Download Handbook of Micro/Nano Tribology, Second Edition PDF
Similar microelectronics books
This sensible new e-book presents much-needed, functional, hands-on event taking pictures research and layout in UML. It holds the fingers of engineers making the tricky bounce from constructing in C to the higher-level and extra strong Unified Modeling Language, thereby assisting specialist improvement for engineers trying to increase their skill-sets which will turn into extra saleable within the task industry.
Low-Power High-Speed ADCs for Nanometer CMOS Integration is in regards to the layout and implementation of ADC in nanometer CMOS procedures that in achieving reduce energy intake for a given pace and determination than earlier designs, via architectural and circuit techniques that reap the benefits of special gains of nanometer CMOS strategies.
Creation to Fiber Optics is easily confirmed as an introductory textual content for engineers, managers and scholars. It meets the desires of structures designers, install engineers, digital engineers and someone else trying to achieve a operating wisdom of fiber optics with at the very least maths. evaluation questions are integrated within the textual content to allow the reader to envision their knowing as they paintings during the booklet.
IntroductionIntroduction to BioMEMSApplication AreasIntersection of technological know-how and EngineeringEvolution of structures in line with SizeCommercialization, capability, and MarketSubstrate fabrics utilized in BioMEMS DevicesMetalsGlasses and CeramicsSilicon and Silicon-Based SurfacesPolymersBiopolymersOrganic Molecules (Functional teams) all for the Formation of Self-Assembled MonolayersBiomolecules and intricate organic Entities: constitution and PropertiesAmino AcidsPolypeptides and ProteinsLipidsNucleotides and Nucleic AcidsCarbohydratesEnzymesCellsBacteria and VirusesEngineering of Bioactive SurfacesPl.
- Electroceramic-Based MEMS:Fabrication-Technology and Applications
- American microelectronics data annual. 1964-65
- System-Level Modeling of MEMS
- Embedded controller hardware design
- Structural Analysis of Printed Circuit Board Systems
Additional info for Handbook of Micro/Nano Tribology, Second Edition
The multimode AFM, used with a grounded conducting tip, can measure electric field gradients by oscillating the tip near its resonant frequency. When the lever encounters a force gradient from the electric field, the effective spring constant of the cantilever is altered, changing its resonant frequency. Depending on which side of the resonance curve is chosen, the oscillation amplitude of the cantilever increases or decreases due to the shift in the resonant frequency. By recording the amplitude of the cantilever, an image revealing the strength of the electric field gradient is obtained.
An image of magnetic field gradients is obtained by recording the oscillation amplitude as the tip is scanned over the sample. Topographic information is separated from the electric field gradients and magnetic field images by using a so-called lift mode. Measurements in lift mode are taken in two passes over each scan line. On the first pass, topographical information is recorded in the standard tapping mode where the oscillating cantilever lightly taps the surface. On the second pass, the tip is lifted to a user-selected separation (typically 20 to 200 nm) between the tip and local surface topography.
The lateral spring constant depends critically on the tip length. Additionally, the tip should be centered at the free end. In the past, cantilevers have been cut by hand from thin metal foils or formed from fine wires. Tips for these cantilevers were prepared by attaching diamond fragments to the ends of the levers by hand, or in the case of wire cantilevers, electrochemically etching the wire to a sharp point. Several cantilever geometries for wire cantilevers have been used. The simplest geometry is the L-shaped cantilever, usually made by bending a wire at a 90° angle.
Handbook of Micro/Nano Tribology, Second Edition by Bharat Bhushan